Arne De Boeck

Arne De Boeck
Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC)
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Studies hoger onderwijs Periode Instelling
Filosofische Academie 2013 - 2015 Hoger Instituut voor de Wijsbegeerte (KUL)
Master Quantitative Analysis in the Social Sciences 2009 - 2011 Hogeschool-Universiteit Brussel
Master in de Criminologische Wetenschappen 2005 - 2009 Universiteit Gent

Publicaties

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  • De Boeck, Arne; Pleysier, Stefaan; Put, Johan; 2018. The social origins of gender differences in anticipated feelings of guilt and shame following delinquency. Criminology & Criminal Justice; 2018; Vol. 18; iss. 3; pp. 291 - 313
    LIRIAS1853175
    beschrijving
    In this study, we investigate gender differences in adolescents’ anticipated feelings of guilt and shame for engaging in shoplifting and retaliatory violence. More specifically, we examine the extent to which interpersonal relations with parents and teachers, perceived peer delinquency and traditional gender role beliefs have different effects on levels of shame-guilt among males and females, and to what extent these variables mediate gender differences in shame-guilt. We use data collected in a sample of 852 adolescents in Genk, a multi-ethnic city in the north-east of Belgium. Our findings confirm those of earlier research indicating that females experience a considerably higher threat of shame-guilt for engaging in delinquency than males. Factors explaining males’ and females’ anticipated shame-guilt feelings are similar in the case of shoplifting, but different in the case of violence. Differential exposure to peer delinquency and parental follow-up partially mediate the effect of gender on shame-guilt for engaging in shoplifting. Among males, endorsement of traditional masculinity predicts lower levels of shame-guilt for engaging in shoplifting and violence. Among females, endorsement of traditional femininity predicts lower levels of shame-guilt for engaging in shoplifting, but has no effect on shame-guilt for engaging in violence. We discuss the implications of our findings for understanding the contribution of shame-guilt to the social control of delinquency across gender.

    Published
  • presentation
    De Boeck, Arne; 2016. Shame and the gendered nature of social control. An interactionist analysis.
    LIRIAS1909835
    beschrijving
    “Young people should be prone to the feeling of shame because they live by feeling and therefore commit many errors, but are restrained by shame” - Aristotle. Shame not only gives painful feedback after transgressive behaviour, shame can also prevent people from transgressing norms. Particularly important for social control is a positive and forward-looking variant, a sense of shame ("Aidos"). According to sociologists such as Scheff, Goffman and Cooley, people are constantly anticipating shame in real and imagined social interactions. Interestingly, criminological research has repeatedly found that females anticipate higher levels of shame than males when contemplating delinquent behaviour. Moreover, these gender differences appear to account for a substantial part of the gender gap in self-reported offending. This presentation will deal with an obvious question raised by these findings: Why and under what circumstances do females anticipate stronger feelings of shame than males ? In other words, in what sense is social control gendered ? I will illustrate how a (symbolic) interactionist analysis of shame can help us to address this question.

    Published
  • journal-article
    Hardyns, Wim; Vyncke, Veerle; De Boeck, Arne; Pauwels, Lieven; Willems, Sara; 2016. Are collective efficacy, disorder and social support associated with one's quality of life?: evidence from the Multilevel SWING Study in Belgium. Applied Research in Quality of Life; 2016; Vol. 11; iss. 3; pp. 739 - 756
    LIRIAS654131
    beschrijving
    The current study assesses the evidence for the association between several neighborhood social processes (collective efficacy and social disorder) and two important individual-level quality of life indicators, which are avoidance behaviour and mental health. In addition to these neighborhood characteristics, the study also assesses the impact of an individual’s social support network on these two outcomes. Hypotheses are derived from a theoretical framework that integrates insights from social capital theory, collective efficacy theory and broken windows theory. Hypotheses about both neighborhood- and individual-level effects are tested by applying multilevel analyses to data from the ‘Social capital and Well-being In Neighborhoods in Ghent’ (SWING) survey of 2011, which consists of face-to-face interviews among the adult population in the second largest municipality of Belgium. Results suggest that individuals living in neighborhoods with lower levels of social trust and higher levels of disorder report more avoidance behaviour. Neighborhood effects on mental health are rather negligible. Individuals who experience more social support report both a better mental health and fewer avoidance behaviour.
    Publisher: Springer
    Published
  • Cops, Diederik; De Boeck, Arne; Pleysier, Stefaan; 2016. School vs. mail surveys: Disentangling selection and measurement effects in self-reported juvenile delinquency. European Journal of Criminology; 2016; Vol. 13; iss. 1; pp. 92 - 110
    LIRIAS654130
    beschrijving
    © 2017, The Author(s) 2017. In this study, we investigate gender differences in adolescents’ anticipated feelings of guilt and shame for engaging in shoplifting and retaliatory violence. More specifically, we examine the extent to which interpersonal relations with parents and teachers, perceived peer delinquency and traditional gender role beliefs have different effects on levels of shame-guilt among males and females, and to what extent these variables mediate gender differences in shame-guilt. We use data collected in a sample of 852 adolescents in Genk, a multi-ethnic city in the north-east of Belgium. Our findings confirm those of earlier research indicating that females experience a considerably higher threat of shame-guilt for engaging in delinquency than males. Factors explaining males’ and females’ anticipated shame-guilt feelings are similar in the case of shoplifting, but different in the case of violence. Differential exposure to peer delinquency and parental follow-up partially mediate the effect of gender on shame-guilt for engaging in shoplifting. Among males, endorsement of traditional masculinity predicts lower levels of shame-guilt for engaging in shoplifting and violence. Among females, endorsement of traditional femininity predicts lower levels of shame-guilt for engaging in shoplifting, but has no effect on shame-guilt for engaging in violence. We discuss the implications of our findings for understanding the contribution of shame-guilt to the social control of delinquency across gender.
    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Published
  • presentation
    De Boeck, Arne; 2015. Anticipated Emotions and Youth Delinquency: The Social Origins of Gender Differences in Anticipated Shame and Guilt.
    LIRIAS1909577
    beschrijving
    Research has found that anticipated shame and guilt have a major effect on the likelihood of offending, and that girls are more likely than boys to experience these self-conscious emotions when contemplating crime. We argue that (symbolic) interactionist theories of control can be used to further clarify the links between anticipated emotions, gender and delinquency. Using survey data collected amongst a sample of Flemish adolescents, we demonstrate that differences in anticipated self-conscious emotions have to be understood in the context of interpersonal relationships with significant others. They respond to interactional pressures and are determined by the ways of understanding oneself that are available in the individual’s particular social and cultural context.

    Published
  • De Boeck, Arne; 2015. Slow motion intrede op de arbeidsmarkt. Het systeem van leren en werken door de ogen van jongeren.
    LIRIAS1909729
    beschrijving


    Published
  • De Boeck, Arne; 2015. Gender Differences In Anticipated Shame And Guilt Reactions To Delinquent Behaviour. Where Do They Come From?.
    LIRIAS1909576
    beschrijving
    Criminological research has produced few more reliable findings than this one: boys engage more frequently in delinquent behaviour than girls. Although differences are somewhat less pronounced for less serious and non-violent forms of delinquency, the ‘gender-gap’ seldom completely disappears. Recent evidence suggests that the self-conscious emotions shame and guilt may play a key role in the explanation of these gender differences. Shame and guilt not only give us moral feedback after transgressive behaviour, they can also inhibit future transgressive behaviour. That is, individuals anticipate emotional outcomes when considering alternative lines of action and try to avoid painful emotions such as shame and guilt. Recent studies have not only found that girls experience stronger threats of shame and guilt than boys, but also that these differences account for a major part of the gender differences found in self -reported delinquency. Yet, very little is known about the origins of the frequently observed gender differences in anticipated shame and guilt. Are they simply a product of differences in parental socialisation, or is there something more to it ? In this presentation, I will argue that a (symbolic) interactionist perspective can shed new light on the nature and social origins of gender differences in anticipated shame and guilt reactions to delinquent behaviour. Second, I will present the results of a quantitative study in which several new hypotheses on the social origins of gender differences in anticipated shame and guilt were tested, using a sample of Belgian youngsters aged 14 to 18.

    Published
  • De Boeck, Arne; Van Droogenbroeck, Filip; De Coninck, Eva; 2015. Verschillende wegen naar ‘Leren en Werken’: een exploratief kwalitatief Onderzoek. Tijdschrift voor Jeugd en Kinderrechten; 2015; iss. 1; pp. 20 - 37
    LIRIAS1909421
    beschrijving
    In Vlaanderen kunnen jongeren vanaf 15 jaar overstappen van het voltijds onderwijs naar ‘Leren en Werken’, een deeltijds stelsel waarin theorie gecombineerd wordt met een praktijkopleiding buiten de schoolmuren. Het profiel van vele leerlingen in dit stelsel – schoolse achterstand, chaotisch schoolparcours, lagere sociaaleconomische status – doet vermoeden dat het niet enkel gaat over jongeren die op een bewuste manier hebben gekozen om al werkende een beroep aan te leren, maar ook over kwetsbare jongeren voor wie het voltijds onderwijs geen perspectief meer biedt. Om een beter zicht te krijgen op de toeleiding van jongeren naar Leren en Werken namen we kwalitatieve diepte-interviews af bij 47 respondenten. Zij blijken allesbehalve een homogene groep te vormen. Op basis van eerder onderzoek en onze eigen verkennende analyses schetsen we de diversiteit in hun toeleidingstrajecten, en identificeren we een aantal constellaties van persoons- en contextgebonden factoren die maken dat jongeren de overstap maken naar Leren en Werken. Het spanningsveld tussen jongeren die vanuit een ‘positieve keuze’ intreden in het deeltijds onderwijs en jongeren bij wie er eigenlijk weinig sprake was van een keuze, maar eerder van een ‘negatieve selectie’, komt duidelijk naar voor.
    Publisher: De Boeck & Larcier
    Published
  • chapter
    De Boeck, Arne; 2015. Diversiteit in gezinsstructuur en de link met delinquent gedrag: anders voor jongens dan voor meisjes ?. Divers Jong. Over diversiteit bij en tussen jongeren in Vlaanderen.; 2015; pp. 94 - 117 Publisher: Acco; Leuven
    LIRIAS1909562
    beschrijving
    Zowel in Europese als Noord-Amerikaanse zelfrapportagestudies wordt regelmatig vastgesteld dat adolescenten die opgroeien in ‘gebroken gezinnen’, d.w.z. gezinnen waarin een jongere niet (langer) opgroeit bij twee biologische ouders, een groter risico lopen om zich te engageren in strafbaar gedrag. In vele Europese studies wordt echter te weinig rekening gehouden met de grote diversiteit aan gezinsvormen binnen die categorie van 'gebroken' gezinnen. Zo wordt bijvoorbeeld zelden een onderscheid gemaakt tussen eenouder- en stiefgezinnen. Dit verhindert meer genuanceerde uitspraken over het verband tussen gezinsstructuur en delinquent gedrag. In onze bijdrage gaan we op basis van data uit de JOP-schoolmonitor 2013 na in welke mate er verschillen bestaan in de zelfgerapporteerde eigendomsdelinquentie van jongens en meisjes naargelang zij in intacte gezinnen, eenoudergezinnen of stiefgezinnen opgroeien. Verschillen in de zelfgerapporteerde eigendomsdelinquentie van jongens naargelang gezinsstructuur bleken eerder klein en niet significant zijn. Bij de meisjes werd wel een statistisch significante associatie tussen gezinsstructuur en delinquent gedrag gevonden. Meisjes uit stiefgezinnen waren gemiddeld gezien vaker betrokken bij eigendomsdelicten dan meisjes uit intacte gezinnen en eenoudergezinnen. Dit werd vooral verklaard door verschillen in ouderlijke opvolging, het hebben van delinquente vrienden, en het spenderen van de vrije tijd in ongestructureerde activiteiten. Onze resultaten tonen aan dat gezinsstructuur an sich geen rechtstreekse ‘determinant’ is van delinquent gedrag. Bepaalde gezinsstructuren, of transities daarin, zijn geassocieerd met tussenliggende processen die delinquent gedrag in de hand kunnen werken. Onderzoek en beleid moet zich op deze processen richten

    Published
  • book
    2015. Divers jong. Over diversiteit bij en tussen jongeren in Vlaanderen. Publisher: Acco; Leuven
    LIRIAS1713631
    beschrijving


    Published
  • chapter
    Cops, Diederik; Pleysier, Stefaan; Put, Johan; De Boeck, Arne; 2015. Divers jong... Enkele reflecties over 'diversiteit' in de leefwereld en het leven van jongeren in Vlaanderen. Divers jong. Over diversiteit bij en tussen jongeren in Vlaanderen; 2015; pp. 19 - 35 Publisher: Acco; Leuven
    LIRIAS1713640
    beschrijving


    Published
  • chapter
    Cops, Diederik; De Boeck, Arne; Coenen, Ena; Pleysier, Stefaan; 2015. Talking 'bout my generation... De invloed van intergenerationele interacties op de gewenste aanpak van (hang)jongeren in de publieke ruimte. Participatie in Vlaanderen. Eerste analyses van de Participatiesurvey 2014 2; 2015; pp. 385 - 410 Publisher: Acco; Leuven
    LIRIAS1713623
    beschrijving


    Published
  • presentation
    De Boeck, Arne; 2014. The social sources of anticipated shame and guilt.
    LIRIAS1909392
    beschrijving


    Published
  • journal-article
    De Boeck, Arne; Hardyns, Wim; Pauwels, Lieven; 2014. Het probleem van meetinvariantie bij het vergelijken van subgroepen op basis van somscores: vermijdingsgedrag als case study. Tijdschrift voor Criminologie; 2014; Vol. 56; iss. 1; pp. 42 - 59
    LIRIAS1909267
    beschrijving
    Using summated scale scores to make group comparisons is only meaningful if one can assume that the scale measures the same attribute in the same way in each of the groups involved in the comparison. This assumption is called measurement invariance. This contribution discusses the use of modern statistical measurement models to test this assumption and to verify the consequences of a possible violation for the comparison of group means. In the empirical part of the contribution we the authors illustrate our their account by examining whether a scale assessing avoidance behavior – commonly used in fear of crime research - – is invariant across gender and age groups.

    Published
  • journal-article
    De Boeck, Arne; Reniers, Genserik; Cools, Marc; Easton, Marleen; Van Den Herrewegen, Evelien; 2014. Optimizing Security Policies and Practices in the Port of Antwerp: Actors' Perceptions and Recommendations. International Journal of Safety and Security Engineering; 2014; Vol. 4; iss. 1; pp. 1 - 16
    LIRIAS1679840
    beschrijving
    The Port of Antwerp is the second largest harbor in Europe. Security and policing activities within the port area are frequent, diversifi ed and involve many different actors (federal and local goverments, law enforcement agencies, emergency services etc.). To make security measures work, it is not only important that responsibilities and competences of these actors are unambiguously fi xed but also that there is suffi cient cooperation and coordination among them. In this article we extensively analyze existing policy arrangements within the Port of Antwerp region for four security phenomena, that is, port-related crime, threats, emergency situations and events and incidents. To this end, we developed an innovative assessment scheme to analyze and evaluate multi-actor collaborations. Based on extensive in-depth interviewing and actors’ perceptions and points of consideration, in combination with state-ofthe- art insights described in literature, we formulate recommendations on how to improve the present security arrangements situation, within current limitations (short-term), as well as thinking out of the box (long-term).
    Publisher: Southampton: WIT Press
    Published
  • chapter
    De Boeck, Arne; 2014. Over zelfwaardering, slachtofferschap van (cyber)pesten, en de beschermende invloed van vrienden. Jongeren in Cijfers en Letters: Bevindingen uit de JOP-Monitor 3 en de JOP-School-Monitor 2013; 2014; pp. 111 - 135 Publisher: Acco; Leuven
    LIRIAS1909273
    beschrijving


    Published
  • presentation
    De Boeck, Arne; 2013. Op zoek naar verklaringen voor het mijdgedrag van Gentenaren: een empirische toets van de directe en indirecte effecten van kwetsbaarheidsindicatoren en individueel sociaal kapitaal.
    LIRIAS1909135
    beschrijving


    Published
  • bookreview
    De Boeck, Arne; 2013. Gemeentelijke handhavers in Amsterdam: een onderzoek naar hun werk op straat. Panopticon; 2013; Vol. 34; iss. 2; pp. 150 - 153 Publisher: Maklu
    LIRIAS1909128
    beschrijving


    Published
  • book
    Cools, Marc; Reniers, Genserik; Easton, Marleen; Van den Herrewegen, Evelien; De Boeck, Arne; 2013. Integrale veiligheid in de Haven van Antwerpen. Publisher: Maklu; Antwerpen, Belgium
    LIRIAS1679760
    beschrijving


    Published
  • other
    Goethals, Johan; Parmentier, Stephan; De Boeck, Arne; Haaren, Annelies; 2013. Bronnen van het criminologisch onderzoek. Publisher: Acco; Leuven
    LIRIAS1909127
    beschrijving


    Published