Mina Rauschenbach

Mina Rauschenbach
Leuven Institute of Criminology (LINC)
Herbert Hooverplein 9 - box 3418
3000 Leuven
Belgium

tel: +32 16 3 25 300
contact
Studies higher education Period Institute
PhD in Social Sciences on “Moral and legal attributions of responsibility for fatal road traffic offenses: Legal reasoning and commonsense thinking”. Supervised by Pr. Dario Spini. 2006 - 05/2011 University of Lausanne
Doctoral school of Social Psychology 2006 - 2011 Universities of Lausanne and Geneva
Intensive one-week Summer Course on Social Justice and Human Rights 08/2006 LINC, KU Leuven
XXII. Post Graduate Course on Victimology, Victim Assistance and Criminal justice 05/2006 Inter-University Center Dubrovnik
Diploma in Human Rights 08/2003 Summer University for Human Rights
DEA in Social Psychology - “Diplôme Européen d’Etudes Approfondies en Psychologie Sociale (DEEAPS)” 2002 - 2003 University of Geneva
Msc in Forensic Psychology (Psychology in Criminal and Penal Contexts) 2001 - 2002 Glasgow Caledonian University (Scotland, UK)
Career Period Instelling
Post-doctoral researcher 06/2013 - ... Leuven institute for criminology (LINC), KU Leuven
Occasional lecturer for the “Groupement Pro-mediation” diploma on the themes of restorative justice, mediation and Victimology. 11/2010 - ...  
Resource faculty member of the Post Graduate Course on Victimology, Victim Assistance and Criminal justice organized annually 05/2007 - ... Inter-University Center Dubrovnik in cooperation with World Society of Victimology
Fellow researcher 01/2011 - 05/2013 Geneva Academy for International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights
Research assistant at the Centre d’étude, de technique et d’évaluation législatives (CETEL) 10/2009 - 06/2010 Faculty of Law of the University of Geneva
Teaching Assistant for the criminology course 10/2006 - 10/2008 Faculty of Law of the University of Geneva
“Educatrice spécialisée” 10/2003 - 04/2004 Clairière (educational center for the observation and detention of minors)
Research assistant in Social Psychology 10/2002 - 10/2003 University of Geneva
Research experience Period
Post-doctoral researcher on the project “Assessing support for reconciliation in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia: The impact of transitional justice mechanisms and intergroup perceptions”. 2013 - ...
Forum functions
Member of the Research group on collective vulnerability and social change (Life Course and Inequality Research Centre) (2012 - ...)
Member of the Law and Society Association (2012 - ...)
Member of the Political Psychology Association (2011 - ...)
Relevant websites
http://www.geneva-academy.ch/academic-research/ongoing-projects/icty-the-perspective-of-the-accused
http://www.unil.ch/lines/page93478_en.html
http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/people/mina-rauschenbach
Publications
Articles in international reviewed journals
Rauschenbach, M. & Doise, W. (2006). Pratiques de discrimination et arrêts de la Cour européenne des droits de l'Homme. Représentations sociales chez une population étudiante à Genève. Cahiers internationaux de psychologie sociale, 72, 5-21.
Rauschenbach, M. & Scalia, D. (2008). Victims and international criminal justice: a vexed question? International Review of the Red Cross, 870, 441-459.
Scalia, D., Rauschenbach, M., & Staerklé, C. (2012). Paroles d’accusés sur la légitimité de la justice internationale pénale. Revue de Sciences Criminelles et de droit pénal comparé, 3, 2012, pp. 727-745.
Chapters in books from international publishers
Rauschenbach, M. (2009). L’évolution de la législation en matière d’aide aux victimes en Suisse: Etat des lieux et examen critique. In Y.Strickler (ed.). La place de la victime dans le procès pénal, (pp. 191-224). Bruxelles: Bruylant.
Rauschenbach, M. (2009). Vers une criminalisation accrue de certains comportements déviants? In U. Cassani, R. Roth & B. Sträuli (eds.). Montrer la justice, penser le droit pénal, (pp. 131-148). Colloque en l'honneur du Professeur Christian-Nils Robert. Genève: Collection genevoise, Faculté de droit, Schultess.
Rauschenbach, M. (2012). How can social science research improve legal understandings of international crimes? In R. Kolb et D. Scalia (eds.), Droit international penal. Bâle: Helbing Lichtenhahn.
Papers presented at international conferences
Rauschenbach, M. (2013). Individuals accused at the ICTY: distinguishing between perceived accountability and legally ascribed accountability. European Consortium for Political Research, Bordeaux (France), 4-7 September 2013.
Rauschenbach, M. (2013). A critical discourse analysis approach to the reconstruction of accountability by individuals accused by the ICTY, Law and Society annual meeting 2013, Boston – 30th of June 2013.
Rauschenbach, M. (2013). A critical analysis of the experiences of involvement and accountability recounted by individuals accused of international crimes. Oxford Transitional Justice Research & Swisspeace ESCR Knowledge Exchange Seminar Series – Public lecture, 27th of June 2013.
Rauschenbach, M. (2013). A critical approach to the perspective of individuals indicted at the ICTY. Oxford Transitional Justice Research & Swisspeace ESCR Knowledge Exchange Seminar Series - Participation in a Roundtable session, 27th of June 2013.
Rauschenbach, M. (2012). Accused by the ICTY. Role perceptions against the backdrop of collective realities. Annual meeting of the International Society of Political Psychology, Chicago – 6th of July 2012.
Rauschenbach, M. (2012). Accused by the ICTY: Role perceptions against the backdrop of social realities. Law and Society annual meeting 2012, Honolulu, Hawaii – 6th of June 2012.
Rauschenbach, M. (2012). War crimes: Perceived role and the social context. German Peace Psychology conference, Konstanz – 2nd of June 2012.
Rauschenbach, M. (2011). Moral and Legal Dimensions of responsibility for fatal road traffic offenses. European society of criminology annual meeting, Vilnius - 23rd of September 2011.
Rauschenbach, M. (2011). International criminal justice as experienced by the accused: Legitimacy and responsibility. Law and Society annual meeting 2011, San Francisco, California – 4th of June 2011.
Rauschenbach, M. (2010). Attribution of criminal responsibility for fatal road traffic offenses: Differences between legal experts’ and ordinary reasoning. European society of criminology annual meeting, Liège - 10th of September 2010.
Rauschenbach, M. (2010). L’attribution de la responsabilité pour les auteurs d’infractions de la route aux conséquences mortelles: dimensions morales et légales. 8ème Congrès International de Psychologie Sociale en Langue Française, ADRIPS, Nice, France – 27th of August 2010.
Rauschenbach, M. (2010). Responsibility attributions of legal experts vs. laypersons: Defining the fine limit between negligence and recklessness. Law and Society annual meeting 2010, Chicago, Illinois – 29th of May 2010.
Rauschenbach, M. (2010). L’attribution de la responsabilité pénale pour les auteurs d’infractions de la route aux conséquences mortelles: différences entre le droit et le sens commun? XIIe colloque de l’Association Internationale des Criminologues de Langue Française, Fribourg – 12th of May 2010.
Rauschenbach, M. (2009). The position of crime victims in the Swiss Criminal justice system: Comparison between discourses of victims, attorneys and magistrates. Taking into account victims’ emotions as a role of the criminal justice system? 2009 Law and Society Association Annual Meeting, Denver, Colorado - 29th of May 2009.
Rauschenbach, M. (2008). Crime victims and their position in the Swiss Criminal justice system: Unfulfilled promises? XV World Congress of the International Society for Criminology, Barcelona - 23rd of July 2008.
Rauschenbach, M. (2008). Crime Victims and the Criminal Justice System in Switzerland: Heightened Expectations and Dissatisfactions. 2008 Joint Meetings of the Law and Society Association and the Canadian Law and Society Association (ACDS). Montreal - 28th of May 2008.
Rauschenbach, M. (2007). La loi d'aide aux victimes d'infraction en Suisse et sa révision actuelle. Colloque sur le droit comparé, Faculté de droit de l’Université Robert Schumann, Strasbourg – 23rd of February 2007.
Rauschenbach, M. (2007). Law as a Product of Emotion: The Rise of the Victim in Switzerland. 2007 Joint Annual Meeting of the Law and Society Association and the Research Committee on Sociology of Law. Berlin - 26th of July 2007.
Rauschenbach, M. (2007). Crime victims and their attitudes concerning the Criminal justice system in Switzerland: The rise of victims? European society of criminology annual meeting, Bologna - 28th of September 2007.
Doctoral Thesis
Rauschenbach, M. (2011). Moral and legal attributions of responsibility for fatal road traffic offenses: Legal reasoning and commonsense thinking. Doctoral thesis published at the University of Lausanne.
Research reports
Rauschenbach, M. (2010). Les attentes émotionnelles des victimes et leur expérience du système pénal. In A., Flückiger, R., Roth & C.-N., Robert (eds.), Droit et émotions. Le rôle des émotions dans les processus de régulation juridique et sociale. Travaux CETEL N 58, Septembre 2010 (pp. 28-66). Faculté de droit, Centre d’étude, de technique et d’évaluation législatives, Université de Genève.
Rauschenbach, M. (2010). La reconstruction de la victime après une agression. Quel est le rôle perçu de la justice et du soutien informel et formel? In A., Flückiger, R., Roth & C.-N., Robert (eds.), Droit et émotions. Le rôle des émotions dans les processus de régulation juridique et sociale. Travaux CETEL N 58, Septembre 2010 (pp. 121-158). Faculté de droit, Centre d’étude, de technique et d’évaluation législatives, Université de Genève.

 

Publications

query=user:U0090961 year:[1999 TO 2019] &institution=lirias&from=1&step=20&sort=scdate
showing 1 to 19 of 19
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  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2019. The duty to remember and its implications for transitional justice practice and discourse. The case of symbolic reparations in the aftermath of conflict.
    LIRIAS2791125
    description


    Accepted
  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2019. Accounting for victimhood perceptions and identity in population-based survey data. the aftermath of conflict. Experiences gained through research in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH)..
    LIRIAS2791126
    description


    Accepted
  • chapter
    Rauschenbach, Mina; Parmentier, Stephan; Van Craen, Maarten; 2019. Symbolic Forms of Transitional Justice for Social Restoration in Bosnia- Herzegovina?. Healing and Peacebuilding after War: Transforming Trauma in Bosnia & Herzegovina. Publisher: Routledge
    LIRIAS2791117
    description


    Accepted
  • chapter
    Van Craen, Maarten; Parmentier, Stephan; Rauschenbach, Mina; 2019. Good cops, bad cops: Why do police officers treat citizens (dis)respectfully?. Police-Citizen Relations Across the World: Comparing sources and contexts of trust and legitimacy; 2019; pp. 266 - 283 Publisher: Routledge; oxon
    LIRIAS1909870
    description


    Published
  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2018. Individuals accused of international crimes as delegitimized agents of truth.
    LIRIAS2791124
    description


    Accepted
  • Rauschenbach, Mina; 2018. Individuals accused of international crimes as delegitimized agents of truth. International Criminal Justice Review; 2018; Vol. 28; iss. 4; pp. 291 - 316
    LIRIAS2789452
    description

    Publisher: SAGE Publications
    Published
  • chapter
    Parmentier, Stephan; Rauschenbach, Mina; Van Craen, Maarten; 2018. New Epistemologies for Confronting International Crimes: Developing the IDP Approach to Transitional Justice. Understanding the Age of Transitional Justice: Narratives in Historical Perspective.; 2018; pp. 75 - 93 Publisher: Rutgers University Press
    LIRIAS1910092
    description


    Published
  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2017. Researching perpetrators of international crimes: accounting for reflexivity and ethical challenges.
    LIRIAS2791123
    description


    Accepted
  • presentation
    Parmentier, Stephan; Rauschenbach, Mina; Van Damme, Ellen; 2016. Les archives policières au Guatemala comme sources de procédures judiciaires.
    LIRIAS1909764
    description
    Après 34 ans de conflit armé entre les forces nationales et différents groupes rebelles, le Guatemala en est sorti en 1996 avec les accords de paix qui a introduit une nouvelle période de stabilité relative. Les point focaux de ces accords se sont axés sur la reconstruction politique et économique du pays d'un càté, ainsi que sur l'aménagement du passé de l'autre. L'établissement d'une Commission pour l'éclaircissement historique (CEH) en 1997 en formait le premier pas, et une politique nationale de réparations pour les victimes débutait dans les années suivantes. Or, les poursuites pénales contre les auteurs principaux des crimes commis restaient sans issue pendant des longues années, apparemment par manque de documentation et de preuves conclusives menant à des procédures pénales. Tout cela changeait d'un coup en juillet 2005, quand les représentants du Procureur des droits de l'homme (PDH) ont découvert au centre de Guatemala City par tout hasard les archives policières qui documentent en détail les activités de la Police nationale pendant la période du conflit armé. Avec ses 80 millions de feuilles et ses 7 kilomètres de longueur, il s'agit de la plus grande collection jamais retrouvée en Amérique latine. Cette découverte a donné lieu à l'enquète et la poursuite de plusieurs cas de crimes commis pendant le conflit armé, aussi bien au Guatemala que dans d'autres pays. Notre communication se divisera en trois parties : (a) un gros tableau du conflit armé et de la période de transition politique au Guatemala; (b) un focus sur les archives policières et leurs usages dans des procédures judiciaires dans le pays mème et dans d'autres; et (c) une courte réflexion sur l'utilisation et l'utilité de telles archives pour redéfinir le passé et le futur dans un contexte de la justice transitionnelle.

    Published
  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2016. Symbolic forms of transitional justice in their potential for symbolic recognition in Bosnia-Herzegovina.
    LIRIAS1909878
    description
    Symbolic forms of Transitional Justice (TJ), meant here as localized and non-judicial measures aiming at acknowledgment of suffering and accounting for survivors’ accounts of the violent past, constitute a key element of social restoration in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH). Scholarship has highlighted their significance in symbolically acknowledging individuals’ suffering, in representing a societal recognition of past harm doing, as well as in providing a possibility for survivors to account for their personal experiences of the conflict. Yet, such forms of justice are more likely to contribute to social restoration, if they account for the heterogeneity of needs and experiences of those affected by the conflict. This is particularly significant in the case of BiH, because it constitutes a complex social reality within which contrasted and competing understandings of the past are often contested and negotiated between different collectives through symbolic TJ measures. Through the analysis of survey data collected across BiH (n=855), we analyse how the relative support for dimensions of symbolic justice of acknowledgment and truth-telling is related to specific patterns of experiences of conflict, of beliefs about the war and justice, as well as of demographic factors. Our findings suggest that whether respondents may be more likely to support both forms of symbolic recognition or only one or the other may be highly dependent on the specific nature of their reported past victimization and their present justice and conflict-related concerns. They reveal the key role of personal experiences of the past in shaping symbolic justice needs and their embedding within specific social identities and memories. Highlighting the value of non-judicial TJ measures as significant sources of symbolic recognition, they also point to the necessity of not only ensuring the inclusiveness and mutuality of these initiatives, but also of accounting for various levels of recognition in the implementation of post-conflict justice.

    Published
  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2016. Making sense of symbolic justice needs in the heterogeneous post-conflict matrix of Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH).”.
    LIRIAS1909880
    description
    Within scholarship focusing on non-judicial forms of transitional justice (TJ), there has been an increasing interest in the use of more symbolic forms of justice (as opposed to concrete or material forms) to help post-conflict societies overcome a violent past. These are understood here as those often localized and non-judicial measures that aim at reparation and acknowledgment through the validation of victimization, the recognition of various levels of accountabilities and facts, as well as remembrance. Such forms of justice may constitute a key element of social restoration in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH), in their potential to symbolically acknowledging individuals’ suffering as well as providing them a voice and status, but also in representing, when targeted towards collectives, a societal recognition of past harm doing. Yet, it is also increasingly suggested that such outcomes may be more likely if they account for the needs and experiences of all those affected by the conflict, especially those representing traditionally marginalized voices. This is particularly significant in BiH, as it constitutes a complex social reality within which various social groups struggle to gain recognition and public visibility for their experiences of the past and contingent justice needs. These processes are often reflected in the implementation of symbolic TJ measures. Yet, symbolic justice measures have been afforded little empirical attention in BiH and beyond, especially within the framework of quantitative studies. The existent scholarship on symbolic justice measures has mostly taken the form of ethnographic case studies related to specific initiatives, without any comprehensive analysis of the factors that may ground particular symbolic justice needs. We aim to bridge these gaps in this study. Through the analysis of survey data collected across BiH (n=855), we show how specific profiles of war experiences, beliefs and identity can be related to support for different symbolic justice needs, such as acknowledgment of suffering or voice and information. They reveal the complexity and heterogeneity of current justice concerns in BiH and the key role of personal experiences of the past and their embedding within specific social identities and memories.

    Published
  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2016. The value for social transformation of acknowledgment through non-judicial measures of transitional justice. Findings from a population-based survey in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH).
    LIRIAS1909879
    description


    Published
  • presentation
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2016. Oral histories: a potential for symbolic reparation and agency in post-conflict Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH).
    LIRIAS1909881
    description
    Oral histories, as forms of symbolic reparation which aim to acknowledge and memorialise past atrocities or injustices, bear particular significance in divided post-conflict societies as markers of meaning and memory. They constitute a form of justice practice which allows to account for the diverse and nuanced understandings of the past within such settings and their specific linkages to particular war experiences, identities and beliefs. We argue that oral histories represent significant means to help restore social ties after a violent conflict in their potential for social dialogue promotion, for empowerment and for acknowledgment. As tools of social dialogue, they can significantly contribute to promote the mutual and inclusive recognition of suffering and responsibility in divided post-conflict settings. As forms of personal and informal truth-telling, they also constitute vehicles of voice and empowerment. They can give survivors the possibility to make sense of their suffering, allowing for the construction of a narrative of their experience of victimization which is meaningful and coherent. They also constitute a symbolic space of recognition to acknowledge survivors’ experiences and commemorate specific and silenced events of the past. This may be particularly significant for beholders of suppressed experiences who often have none or limited access to socio-political spaces of acknowledgment, as well as those institutions promoting it. We demonstrate, through the analysis of oral history accounts of the conflict collected in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH), how marginalized narratives of the past can be diffused and actively managed against the backdrop of hegemonic war memories. As vehicles of voice, social dialogue and remembrance, we show that such personal testimonies can reflect valuable forms of social action. They can provide agency and acknowledgment to subaltern voices, in addition to constituting a unique tool to gain an in-depth understanding of the localized and complex nature of justice needs in such settings.

    Published
  • Rauschenbach, Mina; Scagliola, Stef; Parmentier, Stephan; De Jong, Franceska; 2016. The perfect data-marriage: Transitional Justice Research and Oral History Life Stories. Transitional Justice Review; 2016; Vol. 1; iss. 4; pp. 7 - 58
    LIRIAS1909861
    description
    There is a growing recognition in Transitional Justice (TJ) research for the crucial significance of context-appropriate measures of justice practices and needs, which account for the diversity, locality and complexity of individuals’ experiences of the past. In this perspective, this paper highlights the significance of oral history collections for exploring pluralistic understandings of the personal past and their relation to symbolic justice practices and needs. We argue that their audio-visual dimension and multi-layered nature makes them a unique qualitative data source which can contribute to a more realistic assessment of justice concerns in transitional settings. As tools of social dialogue and inclusive justice, they are also valuable means to promote the mutual acceptance and recognition of suffering and responsibility. We demonstrate how findings based on the analysis of survey data collected in Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH) can be enriched by the exploration of oral history narratives from a dataset collected in BiH.
    Publisher: Centre for Transitional Justice and Post-Conflict Reconstruction, the University of Western Ontario
    Published
  • chapter
    Parmentier, Stephan; Aciru, Monica; Saeed, Huma; Rauschenbach, Mina; 2016. Human Rights in Situations of Transitional Justice. The Routledge International Handbook of Criminology and Human Rights; 2016; pp. 235 - 246 Publisher: Routledge; Milton Park, Abingdon
    LIRIAS1485444
    description
    The last couple of decades have witnessed numerous situations of extreme violence: the killing fields in Cambodia, genocides in Guatemala and Rwanda, ethnic cleansings in the former Yugoslavia, ethnic-religious conflicts in East-Timor, Apartheid in South Africa, and successive civil wars in the Democratic Republic of Congo. This is not to mention the ongoing war situations in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria. In some cases, political regime changes have taken place and new elites have replaced the old ones, while other conflicts leave little imagination to change. New elites and regimes all face the challenge of ‘transitional justice’, namely how to deal with the aftermath of serious human rights violations, international crimes and violent conflict. Transitional justice is understood to encompass four pillars: Criminal prosecutions; Truth commissions; Reparation programmes; and institutional reforms. In each of these, human rights play a crucial role. Our contribution will discuss the development of transitional justice as a notion and a practice, and sketch its relationship with human rights standards and norms. It will also explore the contribution of criminology to transitional justice. These issues will be illustrated with specific reference to violent conflicts in Sierra Leone and Afghanistan and the empirical work conducted in these situations.

    Published
  • journal-article
    Rauschenbach, Mina; 2015. Accused for involvement in collective violence: The discursive reconstruction of agency and identity by perpetrators of international crimes. Political Psychology; 2015; Vol. 2; iss. 2; pp. 219 - 235
    LIRIAS875208
    description
    The research reported in this article was supported by a Swiss National Science Foundation grant (Project 131841). The authors would like to thank Paola Gaeta and Robert Roth for their support and assistance in carrying out this research. Valuable comments on earlier drafts are also greatly acknowledged: Guy Elcheroth, Sandra Penic, Dario Spini, Davide Morselli and Rusten Menard. Finally, we wish to thank three anonymous reviewers for their constructive and encouraging comments, as well as the lawyers and state authorities who permitted us to meet interviewees. Correspondence concerning this article should be sent to Mina Rauschenbach, Leuven Institute of Criminology, Faculty of Law, University of Leuven, Hooverplein 10, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. E-mail: minarau@bluewin.ch
    Publisher: Blackwell
    Published
  • journal-article
    Parmentier, Stephan; Rauschenbach, Mina; Weitekamp, Elmar; 2014. Repairing the harm of victims after violent conflict: Empirical findings from Serbia. International Review of Victimology; 2014; Vol. 20; iss. 1; pp. 85 - 99
    LIRIAS1579383
    description
    Almost 20 years after the end of the armed conflict in the former Yugoslavia, the debates on how to deal with the past in Serbia are still ongoing. From the very start the international community has put major emphasis on the criminal prosecution and conviction of the persons mostly responsible for the war crimes in the region, both by establishing the International Criminal Tribunal for ex-Yugoslavia and encouraging national prosecutions. In the discussions about transitional justice in the region, little if any attention has been paid to the victimisation of the population in Serbia and repairing the harm incurred during and after the armed conflict. Moreover, the views and expectations of the local population have hardly been the object of any scientific studies. The purpose of this article is to report about the opinions of the population in Serbia in relation to reparation for victims, by drawing on the main findings of a quantitative survey conducted in the country in 2007. It highlights the importance of paying attention to the population's needs and, in particular, material and non-material forms of reparation. © The Author(s) 2013.

    Published
  • presentation
    Abbiati, Milena; Languin, Noelle; Rauschenbach, Mina; 2008. Emotions, social support and recovery in crime victims. International Journal of Psychology; 2008; Vol. 43; iss. 3-4; pp. 68 - 68 Publisher: Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
    LIRIAS875209
    description


    Published
  • journal-article
    Rauschenbach, Mina; Scalia, Damien; 2008. Victims and international criminal justice: a vexed question?. International Review of the Red Cross; 2008; Vol. 90; iss. 870; pp. 441 - 459
    LIRIAS875207
    description

    Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)
    Published