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NATIONAL MINORITIES - MINORITÉS NATIONALES-  NATIONALE MINORITÄTEN
quanguo shaoshu

OVERVIEW - APERÇU - ÜBERSICHT  -  gaiguan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_minorities_of_China
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Völker_Chinas
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnies_de_Chine
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etnie_cinesi
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_region_of_China
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous_areas_of_China
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonome_Verwaltungseinheiten_Chinas
http://www.sinoptic.ch/population/
http://www.china.org.cn/e-groups/shaoshu/index.htm
http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/01780/chinese-ethnic-group/index.htm
http://www.paulnoll.com/China/Minorities/index.html
[Chinese Nationalities]
http://www.imperialchina.org/indx.shtml#ethnicity
[Ah Xiang, Ethnicity of Chinese Nation, Melting Pots & Barbarian Invasions]
http://english.people.com.cn/200502/28/eng20050228_174944.html
[Facts and figures: Regional Autonomy for Ethnic Minorities in China; February 28, 2005]
http://www.c-c-c.org/chineseculture/minority/minority.html
[Ethnic minorities in China: history, what determines an ethnic group, minority names, distribution table]
http://www.1world2travel.com/article.php?articleID=63
[Walter Vaerewijck, Han en minderheden (2004, 2007)]

INTRODUCTIONS - INTRODUCTIONS - EINLEITUNGEN - gaikuang jieshao, wenzhang

Zhongwen
http://cn.chinagate.com.cn/population/2007-03/11/content_2369323.htm
[Zhongguo shaoshu minzu - lan - Zhongguo fazhan menhuwang, 11/3/2007]
http://cn.chinagate.com.cn/economics/2007-03/11/content_2369334.htm
[shaoshuminzu shiye "shiyi wu" guihua, 27/2/2007]
http://www.zytzb.org.cn/zytzbwz/nation/index.htm
[Zhonggong Zhongyang Tongyi Zhanxian Gongzuobu: shaoshu minzu (2000)]
http://www.seac.gov.cn/gjmw/index.htm
[Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo Guojia Minzu Shiwu Weiyuanhui]
http://www.humanrights.cn/china/rqzt/number/shaoshumin.htm
[shaoshu minzu]

Nederlands
http://www.nrc.nl/W2/Nieuws/2001/03/31/Vp/z.html
[Floris-Jan van Luyn, Wij zijn dom: China's etnische Yi minderheid heeft haar zelfrespect verloren, 31 maart 2001]

Français
http://www.cslf.gouv.qc.ca/Publications/PubD117/D117ch1.html#table
[Richard Poulin, La politique des nationalités de la République Populaire de Chine, de Mao Zedong à Hua Guofeng (1984)]
http://www2.ohchr.org/french/law/minorites.htm
[Déclaration des droits des personnes appartenant à des minorités nationales ou ethniques, religieuses et linguistiques, Adoptée par l'Assemblée générale dans sa résolution 47/135 du 18 décembre 1992]

Deutsch
http://www.ard.ndr.de/peking2008/land_und_leute/heberer2.html
[Thomas Heberer, China und seine Minderheiten, 26. Mai 2008]
http://www.gfbv.org/chinakampagne/minderheiten.php
[Bedrohte Minderheiten (2008)]
http://www.uni-duisburg.de/Institute/OAWISS/neu/downloads/pdf/gruen/paper54.pdf
[Thomas Heberer, Ethnic Entrepreneurs as Agents of Social Change: Entrepreneurs, clans, social obligations and ethnic resources: the case of the Liangshan Yi in Sichuan, January 2004]
http://www.uni-duisburg.de/Institute/OAWISS/neu/downloads/pdf/gruen/paper31.pdf
[Thomas Heberer, Some Considerations on China's Minorities in the 21st Century: Conflict or Conciliation?, April 2000]
http://www.chinafokus.de/nmun/6_liste.php
[Sabine Krause, Tibet oder die Frage der Minoritäten in der VR China (2000)]
http://www.ips.fi/koulut/199748/7.htm
[Yojana Sharma, Geburtenkontrolle bei ethnischen Minderheiten verschärft - Menschenrechtler warnen vor Mißbrauch, 24. November 1997]

English
http://www.hrichina.org/public/PDFs/MRG-HRIC.China.Report.pdf
[HRIC report: Minority exclusion, marginalization and rising tensions; May 2007)]
http://www.humanrights-china.org/zt/situation/menu_et.html
[China's Human Rights: ethnic minorities]
http://english.people.com.cn/200502/28/eng20050228_174941.html
[China publishes white paper on regional autonomy for ethnic minorities; February 19, 2005]
http://www.casaasia.es/pdf/21904105720AM1077184640713.pdf
[Thomas Heberer, China's Nationalities policies: Quo vadis?]
http://www.wsws.org/articles/2004/nov2004/chin-n15.shtml
[John Chan, Martial law declared as unrest deepens in rural China, November 15, 2004]
http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/ce/ceee/eng/ztlm/zfbps/t112922.htm
[National Minorities Policy and Its Practice in China, May 20, 2004]
http://www.oapol.uni-duisburg-essen.de/d/paper54.pdf
[Thomas Heberer, Ethnic entrepreneurs as agents of social change - Entrepreneurs, clans, social obligations and ethnic resources: the case of the liangshan Yi in Sichuan, January 2004]
http://www.chinagate.com.cn/english/478.htm
[Education for ethnic minorities in China: An introduction to China's education for ethnic minorities (2004)]
http://www.oapol.uni-duisburg-essen.de/d/yipaper.pdf
[Anja D.Senz, Zhu Yi, The depiction of national minorities in Chinese media: a case study on the Yi minority, August 2001]
http://www.colorq.org/MeltingPot/Asia/ChineseWestAsians.htm
[Chinese West-Asians: Chinese of Arab and Persian descent (1999)]
http://www.eastwestcenter.org/stored/pdfs/api018.pdf
[Dru C.Gladney, China's Ethnic Reawakening, January 1995]
http://www.nalanda.nitc.ac.in/resources/english/etext-project/travel/beasts/index.htm
[Ferdinand Ossendowski, Beasts, Men and Gods (1922)]

MINORITIES - MINORITÉS - MINORITÄTEN - shaoshu

Mantsjoe
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchu
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandchous
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandschu
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eight_Banners
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manchu_language
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Manchu
[learn the Manchu language (textbook)]
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandschurische_Sprache
http://www.china.org.cn/e-groups/shaoshu/shao-2-manchu.htm
[The Manchu ethnic minority]
http://www.china.org.cn/english/travel/98497.htm
[Shenyang Imperial Palace: the crown of Manchu culture; June 17, 2004]
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COfPVn36UGE
[Customs of the Manchu; & related videos]]
http://www.china.org.cn/english/culture/167537.htm
[Race against time to save Manchu language; May 6, 2006]
http://www.omniglot.com/writing/manchu.htm
[Manchu Alphabet]
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nNwFeRoa310
[Manchu language song (karaoke version); & related language videos]
http://myweb.hinet.net/home10/manjusibe/index.htm
[xianbei de manwen zixi]

Hakka
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hakka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hakka_people
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hakka_cuisine
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hakka_architecture
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hakka_(language)
http://www.chine-informations.com/guide/chine-hakka_1887.html
http://www.asiawind.com/hakka/
[Hakka: an important element of Chinese culture: forum, news, history, language, people, houses, resources, &c.]
http://www.newsgd.com/news/guangdong1/content/2008-04/10/content_4374070.htm
[Guangdong Hakka Museum opens in Meizhou; April 10, 2008]

Lolos
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yi_people
http://www.chine-informations.com/guide/chine-yi-ethnie_820.html
http://www.china.org.cn/e-groups/shaoshu/shao-2-yi.htm
[The Yi ethnic minority]
http://www.ethnic-china.com/Yi/yiindex.htm
[The Yi Nationality, name: Yi, Lolo, Noso, Nuosu]
http://iel.cass.cn/english/Detail.asp?newsid=3982
[Book Review: Mountain Patterns: The Survival of Nuosu Culture in China]
http://www.yizuren.com/ENGLISH/Culture-Arts.asp
[[The Yi ethnic group: culture and arts]
http://www.yizuren.com/index.asp
[Yizuren wang, Yizu wenhua wang]
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1522/24886961
[Aimé-François Legendre, Le far-west chinois, Kentchang et Lolotie, Librairie Plon, Paris, 1910, 472 pages]
http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1522/30010632
[Paul Vial, Les Lolos: Histoire, religion, moeurs, langue, écriture, Chang-hai, 1898, 72 pages]

Miao/Hmong
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hmong_people
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hmong_(peuple)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hmong_customs_and_culture
http://www.china.org.cn/e-groups/shaoshu/shao-2-miao.htm
[The Miao ethnic minority]
http://www.hmongnet.org/
[Hmong Homepage: general information, resources, organizations, culture and traditions, history, language, news, &c.]
http://www.geocities.com/kaoly_y/GalleryartKLY.html
[General introduction to Hmong art]
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2915793097375788270&hl=en
[Crafting Tradition: Building the traditional Hmong Qeej instrument]
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YgQHac6GYS0
[Traditional Mao Dance; & related videos]
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihf6ELqEma4
[Threads of Life, Paj Ntaub needle art; & related videos]
http://www.hmongcc.org/
[Hmong Cultural Center]
http://www.geocities.com/kaoly_y/archives/TakecareElderly042305.html
[Kao-Ly Yang, Understanding the new old age among Hmong elderly]
http://hmongstudies.org/GYLeeHSJ8.pdf
[Gary Yia Lee, Diaspora and the predicament of origins: Interrogating Hmong postcolonial history and identity (2008)]
http://nienchi2008.wordpress.com/
[Searching the footprints of God in Southwestern China, Shimenkan: the Stone Gateway that leads to the former center
of Hmong Christian culture, Part 1-2-3, September 9, 2006]
http://hmongstudies.org/LeeHSJ6.pdf
[Gary Yia Lee, The shaping of traditions: Agriculture and Hmong society (2005)]
http://www.geocities.com/kaoly_y/HistoireCultureLanguage/ZhangXiaoEnglish112603.html
[Zhang Xiao, Common basis and characteristics of the Moao and Hmong Identity (2003]
http://www.geocities.com/kaoly_y/HistoireCultureLanguage/ZhangXiaoFrancais102103c.html
[Zhang Xiao, Le fondement et les caractéristiques communes de l'identité Miao/Hmong (2003)]
http://www.uwstout.edu/lib/thesis/2002/2002lok.pdf
[Kaying Lo, Across the ocean, The impact of immigration on Hmong women, May 2002]
http://www.geocities.com/kaoly_y/HistoireCultureLanguage/ZhangXiaoFrancais102103c.html
[Zhang Xiao, Le fondement et les caractéristiques communes de l'identité Miao/Hmong (1996)]

Meng
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongols
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inner_Mongolia
http://www.mongoliatoday.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_language
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolische_Sprache
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongolian_writing_systems
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Écriture_mongole
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture_of_Mongolia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_Mongolia
http://www.muztagh.com/map-of-china/large-map-mongolia.htm
http://www.china.org.cn/e-groups/shaoshu/shao-2-mongolian.htm
[The Mongolian ethnic minority]
http://mongoluls.net/khiid/overview.shtml
[Monasteries and temples in Mongolia]
http://kaleidoscope.cultural-china.com/en/142Kaleidoscope1537.html
[Horse-racing]
http://www.ir2008.org/04/about.php
[The indivual: Hadda, In prison for defending cultural rights and political participation for Mongols (2008)]
http://www.innermongolia.org/english/index.html
[Inner Mongolian People's Party]
http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/cn-impp.html
[Phil Nelson, Inner Mongolian political parties, December 13, 2008]
http://www.smhric.org/news_73.htm
[Gardi Borjigin, Inner Mongolian environment threatened, nomads forced to move, February 7, 2005]
http://bennloxo.com/archives/tag/mongolia/
[Hyped Mongolian Beijing: Hanggai Band, &c.]
http://countrystudies.us/mongolia/
[Robert L. Worden, Andrea Matles Savada, eds, Mongolia: A Country Study, Washington,1989]

Uyghur - Ouïghours - Uiguren
http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oejgoeren
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_people
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ouïghours
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uiguren
http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinkiang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xinjiang
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xinjiang
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xinjiang
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uyghur_language
http://www.uighurlanguage.com/
http://www.omniglot.com/writing/uyghur.htm
http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Musique_ouïghoure
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Xinjiang+Uygur+Autonomous+Region
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Turkestan_Liberation_Organization
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Turkestan_independence_movement
http://www.uyghuramerican.org/categories/About-Uyghurs/?articlelive=f695aa7b434f890d413599f16d3aca2e
[About Uyghurs]
http://german.china.org.cn/german/187401.htm
[Etnische Minderheiten in Xinjiang]
http://www.chinasquare.be/achtergrond/racistische-rellen-in-urumqi/
[Etnisch geweld in Urumqi; 7 juli 2009]
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-07/07/content_11668075.htm
[Urumqi riot; July 7, 2009 (& videos]
http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/PEK372605.htm
[Chris Buckley, Han Chinese protesters seek Muslim Uighur targets, July 7, 2009 (& foto's]
http://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/07/06/china-urumqi-mass-incident-and-beyond/
[Oiwan Lam, Urumqi mass incident and beyond, July 6, 2009 (videos)]
http://edition.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/07/06/china.uyghur.protest/index.html
[over 140 killed in ethnic unrest in China; July 6, 2009]
http://www.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idUSTRE5650SW20090706
[China says 140 dead in Xinjiang riot, blames separatists; July 6, 2009 (& video, 26 foto's)]
http://www.nrc.nl/buitenland/article2292200.ece/Zeker_140_doden_bij_rellen_Xinjiang?service=Print
[Zeker 140 doden bij rellen Xinjiang; 6 juli 2009 (& video)]
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/uyghurcellphone-04142009165038.html
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur/uyghurcellphone-04142009165038.html
[Uyghur jailed for alleged separatism; April 15, 2009]
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/19/world/asia/19mummy.html
[Edward Wong, The dead tell a tale China doesn’t care to listen to, November 18, 2008]
http://www.doaj.org/doaj?func=abstract&id=247677
[Nicolás de Pedro, El conflicto de Xinjiang: la minoría uigur y la política de Pekín (2008; abstract & full text)]
http://www.gfbv.org/chinakampagne/minderheiten_uiguren.php
[Menschenrechte für Uiguren]
http://www.cfr.org/publication/16870/uighurs_and_chinas_xinjiang_region.html
[Preeti Bhattacharji, Uighurs and China's Xinjiang Region, September 29, 2008]
http://www.isn.ethz.ch/isn/Current-Affairs/Security-Watch/Detail/?id=89423&lng=en
[Diane Chido, Intel Brief: Chinese repression of Uighurs, August 12, 2008]
http://www.cfr.org/publication/9179/east_turkestan_islamic_movement_etim.html
[Holly Fletcher, Jayshree Bajoria, The East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM), July 31, 2008]
http://cemoti.revues.org/document54.html
[Artoush Kumul, Le "séparatisme" ouïgour au XXème siècle (2006)]
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/uyghur_killings-20050726.html
[Uyghur 0fficials say family llanning, Religious strife behind death of communist official; July 26, 2005]
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/research/2005/Eranosian.pdf
[Nancy Eranosian, Chinese national unity vs. Uyghur separatism, July 21, 2005]
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-05/11/content_4534936.htm
[Repatriate terrorist suspects; May 11, 2006]
http://hrw.org/reports/2005/china0405/china0405.pdf
[Human Rights Watch: Devastating blows: Religious repression of Uighurs in Xinjiang; April 11, 2005]
http://homepages.utoledo.edu/nlight/uyghpg.htm
[Nathan Light, Introduction to Uyghur culture and history: links, texts, images, March 30, 2005]
http://www.silk-road.com/newsletter/vol3num1/3_uyghur.php
[James A.Millward, Uyghur art music and the ambiguities of Chinese Silk Roadism in Xinjiang]
http://hrw.org/german/docs/2005/04/11/china10465.htm
[Human Rights Watch: Bericht enthüllt vernichtende Kampagne gegen moslems in Xinjiang; 11. April 2005]
http://hrw.org/reports/2005/china0405/
[Devastating Blows, Religious repression of Uighurs in Xinjiang (2005)]
http://www.uyghurcongress.org/De/AboutET.asp?mid=1107905016&mid2=259845807
[Ost-turkistan: Chinesische Politik, Menschenrechsverletzungen und die Konsequenzen (2005)]
http://www.asiaquarterly.com/content/view/142/40/
[Colin Mackerras, Ethnicity in China: The case of Xinjiang (2004)]
http://hrichina.org/fs/downloadables/reports/b1_Criminalizing1.2004.pdf?revision_id=8744
[Nicolas Becquelin, Criminalizing ethnicity: Political repression in Xinjiang (2004)]
http://www.forum18.org/Archive.php?article_id=414
[Igor Rotar, Xinjiang: Religious freedom survey, September 20, 2004]
http://www.usatoday.com/money/world/2004-10-06-china-west_x.htm
[David J. Lynch, China's own 'wild West' tale unfolds, June 10, 2004]
http://ymyt.com/nl/2/2_1.shtml
[K.Depauw, De Oeigoeren en de staat in Xinjiang. VRC, 9 december 2003]
http://iilj.org/courses/documents/HRW10CountrySurveyofConcernsaboutHumanRightsandCTCMeasures.pdf
[In the Name of Counter-Terrorism: Human Rights Abuses Worldwide, Country Studies: The human rights impact of counter-terrorism measures in ten countries: China; March 25, 2003]
http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/etim.cfm
[In the spotlight: East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM); December 9, 2002]
http://www.hawaii.edu/aplpj/articles/APLPJ_03.1_moneyhon.pdf
[Matthew Moneyhon, Controlling Xinjiang: Autonomy on China's "New Frontier" (2003)]
http://www.diploweb.com/p7kell2.htm
[Thierry Kellner, Chine: le Xinjiang et les Ouïgours, 20 décembre 2001]
http://www.hrw.org/backgrounder/asia/china-bck1017.pdf
[Human Rights Watch: Human Rights Concerns in Xinjiang; October 2001]
http://the_uighurs.tripod.com/ChineseCultPolicy.htm
[A.Altuni, Cultural policy in the Xinjiang UIghur Autonomous Region, East Turkestan (2001)]
http://www.cacianalyst.org/?q=node/364
[Justin Ben-Adam Rudelson, Chinese policies in Xinjiang fuel dissent, February 16, 2000]
http://www2.hawaii.edu/~dru/articles/whither_uighur.pdf
[Dru Gladney, China’s indigenous peoples and the politics of internal colonialism:The case of the Uyghur Muslim Minority (1999)]
http://www.ceri-sciencespo.com/publica/cemoti/textes25/aubin.pdf
[Françoise Aubin, L'arrière-plan historique du nationalisme ouïgour: Le Turkestan Oriental des origines au XXe siècle, janvier/juin 1998]
http://www.fss.uu.nl/ca/cases/1998/case9831.htm
[Karlijn Leentvaer, De Uyguren in Xinjiang, Identiteitsvorming en dagelijks leven van een Turkse minderheid in de Volksrepubliek China (1998)]
http://www.eastwestcenter.org/stored/pdfs/api031.pdf
[James P.Dorian, Brett H.Wigdortz/Dru C.Gladney, China and Central Asia's volatile mix: Energy, Trade, and Ethnic Relations, May 1997]
http://www.uygur.org/enorg/h_rights/coercive_chinese_birth_control_p.htm
[Forced abortion and sterilization on Uyghur women & State-supported mixed marriages, October 1990]
http://www.uyghuramerican.org/index.php
[Uyghur-related research and reports, news, press releases, events, &c.]
http://www.uhrp.org/categories/Issues/Cultural-Assimilation-and-Economic-Segregation/
[articles, reports, &c.]
http://www.chinaxinjiang.cn/
[Zhongguo Xinjiang]

2003 white paper - livre blanc - Weißbuch - baipishu
http://www.china.com.cn/ch-book/20030526/index.htm
[Xinjiang de lishi yu fazhan]
http://www.gov.cn/ziliao/flfg/2005-05/27/content_1463.htm
[idem, Xinjiang de lishi yu fazhan]
http://www.china.org.cn/e-white/20030526/index.htm
[History and development of Xinjiang]
http://french.china.org.cn/fa-book/xinjiang/xinjiang-s.htm
[L'histoire et le développement du Xinjiang]
http://german.china.org.cn/german/112244.htm
[Die Geschichte und Entwicklung Xinjiangs]

SEPARATISM - SÉPARATISME - SEPARATISMUS - fenlie guojia
http://www.smhric.org/China's%20Vulnerability%20to%20Minority%20Separatism.pdf
[June Teufel Dreyer, China's vulnerability to minority separatism (2004)]
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPcap/2000-01/26/016r-012600-idx.html
[John Pomfret, Separatists defy Chinese crackdown: Persistent islamic movement may have help from abroad,
January 26, 2000]
http://sources.asie.free.fr/espace/analytiq/charon/Chine-Ouighour-Charon.html
[Paul Charon, La Chine et le séparatisme ouighour]
http://www.innermongolia.org/english/ethnic_threat_in_china.htm
[Dru C.Gladney, Ethnic Separatism in China: Threat or Smoke?, July 9, 1996]
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/200212/09/eng20021209_108190.shtml
[Chinese army able to check any separatist act; December 9, 2002]
http://www.aijac.org.au/review/1998/2313/xinjiang.html
[Miles Clemans, Insurrection, Not so quiet on the western front, March 5, 2001]
http://www.cnn.com/WORLD/9702/11/china.unrest/
[China seals off Muslim town after deadly riot; February 11, 1997]
http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/55/index-qceba.html
[Xinjiang Uyghur Separatism]

LANGUAGE POLICY - POLITIQUE LINGUISTIQUE - SPRACHENPOLITIK - yuyan zhengce
http://uhrp.org/docs/UyghurLanguageUnderAttack.pdf
[Uyghur Language Under Attack:The myth of “bilingual” education in the People’s Republic of China, July 24, 2007]
http://www.tc.columbia.edu/students/sie/LCEjr05/pdfs/Nelson.pdf
[Keely Nelson, Language policies and minority resistance in China, (2005)]
http://www.tlfq.ulaval.ca/axl/asie/chine-5pol-minorites.htm
[La politique linguistique à l'égard des minorités nationales, 10 octobre 2005]
http://www.eastwestcenter.org/fileadmin/stored/pdfs/PS015.pdf
[Arienne M.Dwyer, The Xinjiang conflict: Uyghur identity, language policy, and political discourse (2005)]
http://www.rfa.org/english/news/social/130822-20040316.html
[China imposes Chinese language on Uyghur schools; March 16, 2004]

http://web.radicalparty.org/pressreview/print_right.php?func=detail&par=2862
[Michael Dillon, Uyghur language and culture under threat in Xingjiang, August 14, 2002]
http://www.cslf.gouv.qc.ca/publications/PubD117/D117ch2.html
[Richard Poulin, Langues et questions linguistiques  en Chine Populaire (1984)]
http://www.glossika.com/en/dict/index.php
[Chinese Languages and Dialects]

Research Institute - kexueyuan
http://www.iel.org.cn/
[Zhongguo Shehui Kexueyuan, Minzu wenxue yanjiu]
http://iel.cass.cn/english/IEL_HomePage_Eng.asp
[Institute of Ethnic Literature (EL), Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS)]

WHITE PAPERS - LIVRES BLANCS - WEIßBÜCHER - baipishu

2005
http://www.china.com.cn/ch-book/20050228/index.htm
[Zhongguo de minzu quyu zizhi]
http://www.gov.cn/ziliao/flfg/2005-05/27/content_1585.htm
[idem, Zhongguo de minzu quyu zizhi]
http://english.people.com.cn/whitepaper/ethnic_minorities_2005/ethnic.html
[Regional Autonomy for ethnic minorities in China]
http://english.china.org.cn/e-white/20050301/index.htm
[idem, Regional Autonomy for ethnic minorities in China]
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-02/28/content_420337.htm
[idem, Regional Autonomy for ethnic minorities in China]

1999
http://www.china.com.cn/ch-book/shaoshu/ishaoshu.htm
[Zhongguo de shaoshu minzu zhengce ji qi shijian]
http://www.gov.cn/ziliao/flfg/2005-05/26/content_1131.htm
[idem, Zhongguo de shaoshu minzu zhengce ji qi shijian]
http://english.peopledaily.com.cn/whitepaper/1.html
[National minorities policy and its practice in China]
http://www.china.org.cn/e-white/4/index.htm
[idem, National minorities policy and its practice in China]
http://french.china.org.cn/fa-book/menu13.htm
[La politique chinoise à l'égard des ethnies minorités et son application]
http://www.china.org.cn/german/112001.htm
[Nationale Minoritäten-Politik in China und ihre Umsetzung]

2009 ACTION PLAN - PLAN D'ACTION - AKTIONSPLAN - xingdong jihua
http://news.xinhuanet.com/newscenter/2009-04/13/content_11177077.htm
[guojia renquan xingdong jihua (2009-2010 nian), 13/04/2009]
http://www.stnn.cc/china/200904/t20090413_1012410.html
[idem, shouge guojia renquan xingdong jihua (2009-2010 nian), 13/04/2009]
http://english.cri.cn/6909/2009/04/13/1361s474007.htm
[National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010)]
http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2009-04/13/content_7672483.htm
[idem, National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010)]
http://www.china.org.cn/archive/2009-04/13/content_17595407.htm
[idem, National Human Rights Action Plan of China (2009-2010)]

MAPS - CARTES - KARTEN - ditu
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/china_ethnolinguistic_1967.jpg
[Communist China: ethnolinguistic groups]
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/china_ethnolinguistic_83.jpg
[China: ethnolinguistic groups]
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/china_ling_90.jpg
[Chinese linguistic groups]

POSTERS - [biaoyu
http://www.iisg.nl/~landsberger/xsmz.html
[Stefan Landsberger's Poster Pages: national minorities]

© 2005 - 2009 Jacoba J.H.M.Hanenburg